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The picture above displays 3 measures. Notice the bar-lines, and also glance to the left and read the “C” which is the abbreviation for Common-Time
A measure is the horizontal space between two bar-lines.
Measures organize the visual space allocated into a fixed-number of beats.
The width of a measure has no bearing on the effect of its time allocation. The time unit defined by a measure stays the same regardless of its size.
The size of a measure is determined by the number of notes that need to fit inside, but the time unit defined by the measure is never influenced by its specific dimension.
On the next page you will learn note durations, the reason for note names, and how notes are counted in Common-Time.
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