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As you know, dynamic ranges are relative to one another. Additional terms have evolved in order to distinguish more specific dynamic variations.
In Italian, “MEZZO” means half. When MEZZO is added to dynamics, it means medium.
MEZZO PIANO = MEDIUM SOFT and is abbreviated-
MEZZO FORTE = MEDIUM LOUD and is abbreviated-
In Italian, the suffix issimomeans extremely.
When ISSIMO is added as a dynamic suffix, it intensifies the meaning of term.
PIANISSIMO = VERY SOFT and is abbreviated –
FORTISSIMO = VERY LOUD and is abbreviated –
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