Performance styles applied to notes are called Articulations.

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When changing bow directions, you are:

Master artists add their own personal artistic touch to their paintings by using all types of brush strokes. When creating varied bowing styles, string players perform different types of bow-strokes

The term Bow-Stroke refers to the manner and style of bowing.

Every Note has three parts — the Beginning, the Middle and the End.
The Beginning of a note is called the Attack.
The Middle of a note is its length and is called the Duration.
The End of a note is called the Release.

The two main Articulation styles are:

STACCATO means to perform with Crisp Bow Strokes.
LEGATO means to perform with Smooth Bow Strokes

Now let’s perform Bowing Exercise # 4 –The Art of the Bow-Change.

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Staccato is indicated by a Dot. 

Legato is indicated by a Line.

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SCROLL’s List of Bow Strokes